Concuss Medical Term
A concussion is a mild form of traumatic brain injury that results in abnormal brain function. This condition usually occurs as a result of the head being hit, or if the upper body is shaken violently. The condition causes symptoms such as headaches, loss of consciousness, and problems with memory, concentration, balance, and coordination. It is common for concussions to appear unnoticed, as in some cases, symptoms are not seen until a few days after an accident occurs. However, a concussion is a minor injury and only takes a short time until the sufferer recovers from the concussion.
A concussion is a common injury in sports, especially sports that require physical contact such as American football, hockey, football, rugby, and boxing. Doing risky exercise can increase the risk of concussion. Involved in motor vehicle collisions, physical fights, physical abuse, falls, and other accidents.
Concussions cause head injuries. Head impact is common, but there may be times when head impacts can cause serious damage to the brain. The impact can lead to concussions, leading to temporary changes in the way the brain functions. Symptoms such as headache, dizziness, loss of consciousness, memory loss, and concentration problems are possible due to brain injury.
The brain is a soft organ that has the same density level as gelatin. The brain is protected by cerebrospinal fluid that surrounds it in the skull. However, hard and sudden blows to the head and neck can injure the brain despite strong protection. The brain can shake the inner wall of the skull and injure the brain, which can affect how the brain works. This is what happens when someone gets a concussion.
The brain is coated with pads that serve to protect it from impact, friction, or trauma experienced by the head. However, the pads cannot function properly, when there is a very hard and sudden impact.
When the head experiences a hard impact, the brain can shift and move in such a way that it is rubs with the inside of the skull bone. Such sudden movements can affect brain function.
Generally, impaired brain function only occurs temporarily, which is characterized by the appearance of signs and symptoms of concussion. This type of brain injury, can cause bleeding around the brain and cause symptoms in the form of sufferers appear dazed or often drowsy.
Bleeding in the brain can be fatal. Therefore, the person experiencing it should be immediately taken to the nearest hospital for treatment as soon as possible.
What symptoms may arise?
Signs and symptoms of concussion can be subtle and may not appear immediately. Symptoms can last for days, weeks or even longer. The most common symptoms are headache, memory loss (amnesia), and daze.
In patients with amnesia, they may forget about the events that caused the recent head injury or even the events before the injury occurred.
The following are other symptoms that may be experienced:
- Ears ringing.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Talk becomes less obvious and lacks response when asked. They may ask the same question over and over again.
- Difficulty concentration and memory deteriorate, such as easy to forget.
- More sensitive to light and noise.
- The sense of taste and smell become disturbed.
- Sleep disorders, depression, or personality changes.
Specific symptoms of concussion in infants or children
Injuries in a child’s or baby’s head are harder to recognize than older persons. However, generally a child or baby with a concussion will show signs and symptoms, such as:
- Looks dazed.
- The body is lethargic or easily tired.
- Bad body balance and easy walking wobble.
- The child or baby is more fussy.
- Eating pattern and sleep are changing.
- His interest in favorite toys is also waning.
- Vomiting and convulsions.
When to see a doctor?
You should immediately see a doctor, if you experience any of the following conditions:
- Lost consciousness and lasted more than 30 seconds.
- Nausea and recurrent vomiting.
- Headaches that worsen over time.
- Discharge or blood from the ears or nose.
- The ears ringing don’t go away.
- The arms or legs become limp.
- The skin appears pale for more than an hour.
- Behavior changes, speech is unclear, or it is difficult to recognize people and places.
- Coordination of the body deteriorates, for example easy to fall.
- Headaches for long periods of time or convulsions.
- There are bumps or bruises on the head or forehead in children and infants under 12 months.
Last Updated on April 1, 2021 Reviewed by Market Health Beauty Team