Blood Types: Classifications, and Characteristics – Blood type is the science of the Classification of blood from a group based on the presence or absence of inherited antigen substances on the surface of the membrane of red blood cells. This is due to the different types of carbohydrates and proteins on the surface of the membrane of red blood cells.
The two most important types of blood classes are the ABO and Rhesus (RH) classification. In this world is actually known about 46 types of antigen in addition to the ABO and Rh antigen, it is only rarely found.
The blood type of each individual is not the same. Blood type differences are grouped by type A, B, AB, or O. Status of Rhesus (Rh) Blood is also divided into negative and positive. These differences need to be considered in the medical use of blood.
Incompatible blood transfusions can cause immunological transfusion reactions that result in hemolytic anemia, renal failure, shock, and death.
How to classify blood groups
There are two techniques used to classify the blood, namely using the ABO system and rhesus (RH). These two systems can be very helpful if you want to do blood transfusions.
Through the ABO system, the blood types is divided into 4 types, namely A, B, AB and O.
- If you have a blood type A, then you have antigen A in red blood cells and produce antibodies to fight red blood cells with antigen
- If you have a blood type B, then you have an antigen B in red blood cells and produce antibodies A to fight red blood cells with antigen A.
- If you have a blood type AB, then you have Antigen A and B in red blood cells. This also means you do not have antibodies A and B on blood plasma.
- If you have a blood type O, then you do not have an antigen A or B in red blood cells. People with blood type O produce antibodies A and B in blood plasma.
If using rhesus (Rh), the blood group that has an Rh factor is said to be rhesus positive, and the blood group that does not have an Rh factor is said to be rhesus negative. The rhesus factor is the type of antigen in the red blood cells.
Blood types and characteristics
Blood type A
Based on the ABO system, the blood group is divided into 4 types, namely A, B, AB, and O. Blood type A means it has antigen A and produces to fight red blood cells with antigen.
Then, although not scientifically proven, every type of blood type holds different characteristics. For example, blood type A has a patience, timely, and perfectionists.
The blood type A also usually has introvert, slightly conservative, and somewhat secretive. In addition, the blood type A is also known to be stubborn, stiff, and easily obsessed with something.
Blood type B
Blood type B, meaning it has antigen B and antibodies A to fight red blood cells with antigen A.
Characteristic, blood group B is called animal-loving, flexible, full of passion, and optimistic. However, blood group B is also known to be easy to forget, irresponsible, and want to win alone.
Read more about Type B Blood Facts and Personality.
Blood type AB
The blood type AB, meaning it has an antigen A and B but does not have antibodies A and B. People with AB Blood type are also called to have a strong and the patient feeling of empathy even slightly closed.
In addition, they are also often referred to as humanists because they use more logic than feelings. Consequently, they are easily called critical, not forgiving, and tend to fickle.
Blood type O
Lastly, the blood type O means it has no antigen A or B in the red blood cells and produces A and B antibodies in the plasma. Its characteristics are known to be ambitious, full of confidence, and skilled in the athletic field.
They are also said to be arrogant, insensitive, and a bit rude. Even so, the blood type O easy to express his opinion because it is more open.
Read more about Type O Blood Facts, and Personality
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