Bacteria in Gut: Amount, Functions, and Disease Related – Perhaps we never thought that our health was strongly influenced by the interactions formed by human cells with good bacteria in the gut. These good bacteria in the gut need our help to get our intake of foods rich in fiber such as vegetables, fruits, and nuts to develop.
The food we consume daily turns out to be able to affect the health of the intestine. If there is a disorder that occurs in our intestines, then it is possible that we will get a diagnosis of a certain disease. Well, now’s a good time to pay attention to the good of millions of good microbes in our gut, isn’t it? The following are a series of five types of diseases related to bacteria in the human intestine.
How many bacteria in gut?
Scientists reveal the human gut turns out to store a lot of bacteria. Unmitigated, there are about 2,000 bacteria living in the gut.
Scientists from the Wellcome Sanger Institute and the European Molecular Biology Laboratory – European Bioinformatics Institute (EMBL-EBI), identified thousands of unknown microbes in the intestine.
Scientists used a method of studying genetic material from human gut samples, known as metagenomics.
The method of reconstructing the collection of bacteria and putting it together in the form of an image to be identified.
For further processing, scientists are also utilizing a special tool detecting the composition of gut bacteria from around the world.
However, scientists need to take longer to be able to identify the type of bacteria that is in the human intestine.
Function of bacteria in the gut
Our gut bacteria greatly affect many things in our body, including Immune System Balance, Hormonal Balance, and Emotional Balance.
#1. Immune System Balance
If the activity of bad bacteria is higher than good bacteria, our immune system will be in a state of continuous “alert” and will impact the whole body.
Excessive immune system reactions can be seen from frequent allergies to autoimmune diseases. So it is very important to maintain the balance of gut bacteria to maintain the balance of the immune system as well.
#2. Hormonal Balance
Intestinal bacteria can affect the production of body hormones of chemical substances secreted by bacteria. These chemicals will stick to the body and give signals for the production of hormones or not.
It often affects the satiety-hungry hormones that are strongly influenced by the type of food eaten by our Gut Bacteria.
#3. Emotional Balance
Similarly to hormones, there are gut bacteria that also secrete chemicals that regulate the balance of stress hormones in the body. One of them is E. Coli, which is able to secrete chemicals to increase the production of stress hormones.
An innovative research found a relationship between heart health and our gut health, underlining the importance of physical exercise, a heart-healthy diet, and restrict antibiotics to keep both at optimal levels.
Scientist from the Cleveland Clinic in Ohio focused on one of the trillions of “good” bacteria called trimethylamine N-oxide, which gut bacteria produce. their aim: to better realize how these bacteria help in our body.
Earlier research on these gut bacterial chemicals has been a strong indicator of a patient’s risk of future cardiovascular disease, stroke, or heart attack.
For some, being fat is a problem. No wonder most of them are vying for a series of diet programs and hope that the weight in question will soon drop.
However, the diet program does not apply to any people. Despite strict dietary rules, weight never goes down. One of the causes is intestinal bacteria that are in the stomach.
A study mentioned that the problem of weight loss is not only about burning calories in the body as has been heralded by the program, but also because of intestinal bacterial factors.
Several previous studies have mentioned that gut bacteria have a function to digest food and provide energy and vitamins for the body. However, this study shows for some people who are trying to lose weight, the ability of gut bacteria to provide energy could prevent weight loss.
- Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).
Thank you very much for reading Bacteria in Gut: Amount, Functions, and Disease Related, hopefully useful.
Last Updated on May 2, 2021 Reviewed by Market Health Beauty Team